Outline Research Education Lectures & Courses Clinical Services & Other Works Clinical Performances
Home page URL http://www.tmd.ac.jp/grad/ope/english/index.html

Staffs

Title Name Researcher information
Professor SHIMADA Yasushi
Junior Associate Professor HIRAISHI Noriko
Assistant Professor INOUE Go
Assistant Professor TAKAHASHI Rena
Project Assistant Professor TABATA Tomoko
Project Assistant Professor TSUCHIYAMA Nami
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Outline

TMDU possesses the longest history as a national dental university in Japan. We have contributed to the progress of science and education through presenting a number of world leading graduates in the field of dentistry. Many of their achievements are now recognized as global standards in the field of dental research and clinical practice.

At Cariology and Operative Dentistry, we believe that the ultimate goal of the oral health care programs is to provide well-being of the patients. In order to achieve this goal, besides the clinical training that we offer to the licensed graduate students, high-caliber research projects are being carried out aimed at developing, enhancing and evaluation of the materials and techniques in dentistry; particularly for adhesives, caries prevention, diagnosis and treatment, and oral health maintenance.

Cariology and Operative Dentistry is a home to the late professor Takao Fusayama, who developed the “Caries Detector” for removal of the caries, and promoted “Total-etch technique” and other restorative techniques using adhesive resin composite for the minimally invasive caries treatment.

Our group, consisting of members of the faculty, staff and graduate students, is among the international leaders in the ongoing dental research. I would hereby like to extend an invitation to those fellows and prospect graduate students interested in perusing high-level research and gaining an insight into modern concepts to join our diverse international team of scientists.
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Research

1) Evaluation of dentin bonding systems
Adhesion of bonding materials to enamel, dentin and cementum of tooth are evaluated using methods such as the microshear and the microtensile bond strength tests. Factors affecting adhesion such as the region and caries state of tooth substrate, light-curing irradiation, release of fluoride from material, tooth preparation methods, root canal treatment of the tooth, etc. have been investigated. We have also focused on the difference between various adhesives system in terms of their composition, performance and bonding durability.
2) Super Enamel and Super Dentin
Using various electron microscopy techniques, we have demonstrated that resistance of enamel and dentin to acid attack could be increased in an acid-base resistant zone which was formed following the application of some self-etching dental adhesives. We proposed that the diffusion of such acidic monomers beyond the classic hybrid layer (interfacial zone) and their ion-exchange interactions with the available hydroxyapatite could result in formation of stable organic-inorganic complexes, and that the structures should be termed “super tooth”, which includes the reinforced enamel and dentin.
3) Development of OCT for establishing its clinical application
Optical coherent tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive, cross-sectional imaging system that can visualize the internal structures nondestructively and without exposure to X-ray or ionizing radiation. Our research has aimed to further develop OCT and introduce a dental OCT system that can be used to diagnose dental defects and diseases such as tooth cracking and caries.
4) Non-destructive test of adhesive restorations
We are working to establish a method for non-destructive detection of gap and secondary caries beneath composite restorations using optical coherence tomography (OCT).
5) Evaluation of polymerization behavior of light-cured resin composites
Aim to establish clinical techniques to compensate polymerization shrinkage stress of resin composite, we evaluated effect of adhesives, resin composite composition, light curing methods and cavity configuration factor(C-factor) on polymerization shrinkage stress using micro-focus X-ray computed tomography (micro-CT) and 3D visualization method.
6) Resin coating technique
Resin coating using a bonding agent and flowable composite benefits the adaptation of indirect restorations to dentin surface which is a key interface within a restoration. We have proposed that this resin coating technique should be technique of choice for placement of indirect restorations.
7) Research on optical properties of the dental structure
As a part of the OCT development project, we work on characterization of the basic optical properties such as attenuation coefficient and refractive index of dentin and enamel, and their changes following demineralization and remineralization.
8) Research on direct core build up materials
Adhesive performance to the root canal dentin by resin core build up systems has been evaluated. These materials can be used in combination with fiber posts.
9) Study on dental erosion
Erosive loss of enamel due to consumption of acidic beverages and some drugs has been evaluated using 3D focus-variation microscopy as well as profilometry.
10) Caries risk assessment
We have investigated caries risk based on the measurement of saliva buffering capacity in samples collected from patients. We have also probed the association between the pH of lesion surface and caries activity.
11) Adhesion of cariogenic bacteria to dentin surface
We have developed a model to experimentally evaluate factors affecting the ability of cariogenic bacteria such as S.mutans to attach to the tooth surface in the initial phase of biofilm formation.
12) Biocompatibility of resin-based dental adhesives
Immunohistochemical studies have been performed to evaluate the effects of various adhesive materials on dental pulp tissue.
13) The potential of fluoride- and/or Calcium containing materials on caries prevention
Inhibitory effects of CPP-ACP paste and fluoride on the enamel and dentin demineralization have been evaluated by the micro-focus X-ray computed tomography (micro-CT) non-destructively. We have also established a standard methodology for assessment of lesion parameters such as depth and mineral loss for micro-CT.
14) Evaluation of caries removal methods
We have evaluated the effect of caries removal method by the conventional rotary cutting instruments in comparison with new caries removal methods such as chemical removal agents, laser irradiation and abrasion on the adhesion performance and restoration success.
15) Development and evaluation of aesthetic dental materials
We have worked on optical properties and color match of the composite resins, in addition to clinical applications of tooth whitening materials .
16) Clinical research
We have created a protocol to evaluate the long-term and short-term performance of restorative materials in the patients who were admitted to the operative dentistry clinics at TMDU Dental Hospital.
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Education

Cariology and Operative Dentistry section offers a four-year graduate program. First-year graduate students attend lectures and seminars given in the graduate school and are expected to gain an understanding of the fundamentals about methodology and the knowledge necessary for their research. The contents of the classes given in our section include topics related to cariology and operative dentistry: caries diagnosis, biocompatibility, caries treatment and restoration, prevention and control, dental materials, new instruments and equipment. In keeping with the internationally orientated philosophy of this section, lectures are conducted in English and are open to all foreign students. First-year graduate students also undergo clinical training the procedures of modern adhesive restorations. Laboratory work, which commences in the first year, is performed under the supervision of our faculty staff. During the four-year program, several papers are required to be presented in domestic and / or international conferences and submitted to journals. The minimum requirements are completing the prescribed courses, a supervised research project and a dissertation for the degree published in a top international journal.
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Lectures & Courses

The ultimate goal of the oral health care programs is to provide well-being of the patients. In order to achieve this goal, besides the clinical training that we offer to the licensed graduate students, high-caliber research projects are being carried out aimed at developing, enhancing and evaluation of the materials and techniques in dentistry; particularly for adhesives, caries prevention, diagnosis and treatment, and oral health maintenance.
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Clinical Services & Other Works

Full-time faculty see patients in Operative Dentistry and Endodontics, and provide restoration of teeth with fillings for dental cavities, trauma and tooth wear, and root canal treatments. The faculty members supervise both pre-and postdoctoral students in the clinic.
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Clinical Performances

Our Operative Dentistry clinic provide restoration of teeth with fillings for dental cavities, trauma and tooth wear under Minimal intervention concept. The clinical services are based on accumulated scientific researches.
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